AMP > Publications > Kagome Project : Physical and (...)
Année : 2022
Auteur :
Leyral, Marc

Kagome Project : Physical and Numerical Modeling Comparison for a Post-formed Elastic Gridshell

Leyral M., Chef C., Bardout T., Antigny R. et Meyer A., Kagome Project : Physical and Numerical Modeling Comparison for a Post-formed Elastic Gridshell, Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture 16 Vol.4, 04/2022 DOI : 10.17265/1934-7359/2022.04.004

An elastic gridshell is an efficient constructive typology for crossing large spans with little material. A flat elastic grid is built before buckling the structure into shape, in active and post-formed bending. The design and structural analysis of such a structure requires a stage of form finding that can mainly be done :
(1) With a physical model : either by a suspended net method, or an active bending model ;
(2) With a numerical model performed by dynamic relaxation. All these solutions have various biases and assumptions that make them reflect more or less the reality. These three methods have been applied by Happold and Liddell [1] during the design of the Frei Otto’s Mannheim Gridshell which has allowed us to compare the results, and to highlight the significant differences between digital and physical models. Based on our own algorithm called ELASTICA [2], our study focuses on :
(1) Comparing the results of the ELASTICA’s numerical models to load tests on physical models ;
(2) The identification of the various factors that can influence the results and explain the observed differences, some of which are then studied ;
(3) Applying the results to build a full-scale interlaced lattice elastic gridshell based on the Japanese Kagome pattern.

[1] Happold, E., and Liddell, W. 1975. “Timber Lattice Roof for the Mannheim Bundesgartenschau.” The Structural Engineer 53 (3) : 99-135.
[2] Leyral, M., Ebode, S., Guerold, P., and Berthou, C. 2021. “Elastica Project : Dynamic Relaxation for Post-formed Elastic Gridshells.” In Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium, 23-27 August 2021, Surrey, U.K., pp. 1-16.